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Albert Lutuli Biography, Wiki, Wife, Children, Family, Death, Veneration, Ban

Albert Lutuli Biography

Albert Lutuli whose full name is Inkosi Albert John Lutuli was born in 1898 in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe and died on 21st July 1967.He was a South African teacher, activist, Nobel Peace Prize winner, and politician.

Albert Lutuli Education Background

He did a teaching course at Edendale, near Pietermaritzburg. In 1920 he received a government bursary to attend a higher teachers’ training course at Adams College.

Albert Lutuli Career

Albert Lutuli Teaching Career

He did a teaching course at Edendale and after completion he accepted the post of principal and only teacher at a primary school in rural Blaauwbosch, Newcastle, Natal.
He began teaching at Adams College. In 1928 he became secretary of the African Teacher’s Association and in 1933 its president.

Albert Lutuli Tribal Chief

In 1936 he became the chief of the Zulu tribe in sucecession of his uncle.He held this position until he was removed from his office by the Apartheid government in 1953.

Albert Lutuli Political Career

In 1944 he joined the African National Congress (ANC).In 1945 he was elected to the Committee of the KwaZulu Provincial Division of ANC and in 1951 to the presidency of the Division. In 1952 he joined with other ANC leaders in organizing nonviolent campaigns to defy discriminatory laws.
The government, charging Lutuli with a conflict of interest, demanded that he withdraw his membership in ANC or forfeit his office as tribal chief. Refusing to do either, he was dismissed from his chieftainship.
He was elected president-general of ANC, formally nominated by the future Pan Africanist Congress leader Potlako Leballo. The government imposed two two-year bans on Lutuli’s movement. When the second ban expired in 1956, he attended an ANC conference only to be arrested and charged with treason a few months later, along with 155 others. In December 1957, after nearly a year in custody during the preliminary hearings, Lutuli was released and the charges against him and sixty-four of his compatriots were dropped.

Albert Lutuli Ban

A month after he was elected president-general of ANC, the government sought to minimize his effectiveness as a leader by banning him from the larger South African centers and from all public meetings for two years.
After the expiration of the ban, he went to Johannesburg to address a meeting but at the airport was served with a second ban confining him to a twenty-mile radius of his home for another two years.
When his second ban expired, he attended an ANC conference in 1956, only to be arrested and charged with treason a few months later, along with 155 others. After being held in custody for about a year during the preliminary hearings, he was released in December, 1957, and the charges against him and sixty-four others were dropped.
After his return to active leadership in 1958 a third ban was imposed, a five-year ban prohibiting him from publishing anything and confining him to a fifteen-mile radius of his home. The ban was temporarily lifted while he testified at the continuing treason trials (which ended with a verdict in1961 absolving ANC of Communist subservience and of plotting the violent overthrow of the government).
The ban was lifted again in March, 1960, to permit his arrest for publicly burning his pass – a gesture of solidarity with those demonstrators against the Pass Laws who had died in the “Sharpeville massacre”.
In May 1964 a fourth ban to run for five years confining Lutuli to the immediate vicinity of his home was issued.

Albert Lutuli Veneration

Albert Lutuli is honoured with a feast day on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA) on 21 July, the day of his death in 1967.

Albert Lutuli Family

Albert Lutuli’s father was, a seventh day adventist missionary, John Bunyan Lutuli and mother was Mtonya Gumede.His father died, and he and his mother returned to her ancestral home of Groutville in KwaDukuza (Stanger), Natal, South Africa. He stayed with his uncle, Martin Lutuli, who was at that time the elected chief of the Zulu Christians
In 1927 he married a fellow teacher,Nokukhanya Bhengu. They were blessed with seven children.

Albert Lutuli Death

Fifteen years before his death he suffered from high blood pressure and once had a slight stroke. In July, 1967, at the age of sixty-nine, he was fatally injured when he was struck by a freight train as he walked on the trestle bridge over the Umvoti River near his home.